Now that you have a beautiful lawn you need to perform certain tasks to ensure it stays that way.
Once the lawn is established and regular mowing has begun, do not over water as this will encourage the spread of weeds and annual meadowgrass. A mobile, or oscillating sprinkler is best to ensure even coverage.
The best results may only be achieved by using a cylinder mower. This is because the cutting action ensures minimal damage to the leaf tissue. Torn leaves lose moisture quicker and make the grass plant more susceptible to disease. A clean cut will heal within hours and the overall appearance of the lawn will be enhanced because the leaf tips will not turn white as torn ones are prone to do. Never cut more than a quarter of the length off at any one time as this will weaken the plant and leave it more susceptible to disease and drought. Remember that it is better to cut wet grass than to tear at long grass. Mow frequently during the growing season as this will encourage the grass to tiller and thicken. If you have opted for a fine ornamental lawn you may need to mow it every two days at certain times of the year. This is because allowing the grass to grow longer than 36mm (1.5 inches) will allow weeds and weed grasses to become established.
Normally carried out in the spring when the ground is not too soft and you have seen the last of the heavy frosts. This is done to level slight undulations in the ground.
Use nitrogen rich fertilizer in spring and phosphate rich in autumn. The former promotes leaf growth, the latter hardens the roots for winter. Do not apply all at once, but spread the material over three or four applications at two weekly intervals. Remember that if the weather is too cold or too dry, the grass will not take up the feed.
This is done to improve drainage and relieve soil compaction. It also allows water and oxygen to reach down to the root system making for healthier, hardier grass plants.